Types of Excavation and Grading Equipment

Depending on your project needs, a variety of different heavy equipment will be used. Construction projects require the use of excavation and grading equipment, and the best companies will have all kinds of equipment. This type of equipment is used for fine grading, demolition, trenching, removal of concrete and asphalt, clearing land and more. There are many types out there, but here are some of the best ones.


Excavators are very large equipment that comes with either tracks or wheels. They have a long bucket arm that is attached to a cab, which rotates a complete 360 degrees. The operator works from inside the cab and has a clear view of the site area that they are working on.

Excavators are usually used to dig up dirt or to lift heavy pieces, such as pipes, smaller equipment and more. They can be used for demolition projects, digging holes, trenches and foundations, and cutting brush. Pipe installation, mining, and dredging up rivers are other uses of excavators.


Bulldozers are one of the most durable and strongest heavy equipment available that construction companies use. They come with a flat, wide blade that sits in front of the cab. It’s very heavy and is used to push dirt across a large area of land. Another use for it is grading, and it can crush large boulders.

Backhoe Loaders

This type of equipment is situated on top of four tires and can be used in a variety of areas. They are very similar to tractors, but they have a shovel in the front area and a bucket in the back area. These are great for smaller jobs that are in a more confined area. They can shovel out trenches, move dirt and put pipes into the right place.


Trenchers are usually specifically used for digging trenches where pipes will be put down. They come in different models, including walk-behind modules, small-sized equipment, and heavy equipment. Heavy trenching equipment is useful when there is pavement asphalt in the trench area.

They work on a conveyor system and moves the material that is excavated out onto the side of the trench. There are different ways that trenchers can dig, making it highly versatile. This is a very dangerous type of equipment and requires expert use.

Skid Steer Loaders

Skid steer loaders can be used for a variety of project needs. They are easy to operate and can completely turn around in one spot, similar to a tank. Great for small spaces, this equipment comes on wheels and runs well in mud or snow. If an area has already been finished, or is almost finished, then a skid steer loader is perfect to use as it won’t damage the area that is being worked in.

Motor Graders

This is a type of heavy equipment that is used for fine grading and moving dirt in small amounts. A long blade is on a motor grader that is adjustable for creating flat surfaces. It is used for fine grading gravel or dirt roads, or it can grade the ground to get it ready for asphalt to be poured.

There are other types of excavation and grading equipment that construction companies use, but these are some of the main ones. Finding a great excavation and grading contractor is essential to completing your project successfully.